Here’s an overview of the key components and architectural aspects of Nodejs:
The event loop is at the core of Node.js. It manages asynchronous operations and events, making Nodejs non-blocking and efficient.
Nodejs uses an event-driven, single-threaded architecture, which means it can handle multiple concurrent connections without the need for creating a separate thread for each connection.
Node.js uses an event-driven programming model, where you define event handlers for specific events (e.g., HTTP requests, file I/O, timers).
When an event occurs, the corresponding event handler is executed, allowing you to respond to events in a non-blocking manner.
Callbacks are a fundamental concept in Node.js. They are functions passed as arguments to other functions and are executed when a particular operation is completed.
Callbacks handle asynchronous operations, such as reading a file, making an HTTP request, or handling a database query.
Node.js uses a module system to organize and reuse code. CommonJS modules are a standard used for defining modules in Nodejs.
You can create your own modules or use built-in modules like ‘fs’ (file system), ‘http’ (HTTP server/client), and ‘util’ (utility functions).
Package Manager (npm):
Node Package Manager (npm) is a tool that comes with Node.js and is used for installing, managing, and sharing packages (libraries and modules) with the Node.js community.
npm allows developers to manage dependencies and streamline the development process easily.
Node.js is designed to be non-blocking, which means it can handle many simultaneous connections without blocking the execution of other code. This is achieved through asynchronous I/O operations.
Asynchronous operations prevent the event loop from being blocked, ensuring the application remains responsive.
Libraries and Frameworks:
Node.js has a rich ecosystem of libraries and frameworks for various purposes, including Express.js for building web applications, Socket.IO for real-time communication, and Mongoose for working with MongoDB.
Node.js is known for its ability to handle a large number of concurrent connections efficiently. It is suitable for building highly scalable applications, such as real-time chat applications and microservices.
While Node.js is single-threaded, it can leverage multiple CPU cores using processes or worker threads for CPU-bound tasks. This makes it versatile for both I/O-bound and CPU-bound operations.
Node.js architecture, with its event-driven, non-blocking model, makes it a popular choice for building fast, scalable, and real-time applications. It is particularly well-suited for web servers, APIs, and other network applications that require high concurrency and responsiveness.
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