NodeJs and Python both are backend technology for web application development. Therefore, the programming language, environment, and the entire tech stack need to be selected as per the nature of the project. 

Today, CloudVandana will describe the key differences between NodeJs and Python in this blog. 

Using the right back-end technology is essential as it determines the project’s performance, resource consumption, ease of deployment, and success. Both JavaScript and Python are used worldwide and developed on different timelines. Python has been around since 1991, and NodeJs was introduced in 2009 as a JavaScript runtime environment. 

Most of the time, app owners get confused while choosing the right back-end web development technology. So, to make the right decision, it is essential to learn about the advantages and limitations of these technologies. 

What Is NodeJs

NodeJs is an event-driven, scalable technology that brings endless efficiencies to projects. Most development teams prefer NodeJs to use JavaScript on both clients and server-side. 

What Is Python

Python is a full-fledged, high-level, and object-oriented programming language. It has enormous libraries, APIs, and tools to enhance any project. As a result, python is beneficial for various programming paradigms and is being used successfully. 

NodeJs Vs. Python

Backend technology plays an essential role in web development. But, first, the development team needs to decide which language will be most suitable for their projects. Stack overflow surveyed research in 2019, and as per their research, Python was the most loved programming language, and NodeJs was the most popular tool among experienced and skilled programmers. 

Among various advantages and disadvantages, let’s look at the five key comparisons between Python and NodeJs. 

1. Scalability

Scalability is an essential factor for growth as the developers need to scale their application as per the project requirements. When a developer creates an MVP, the applications remain light, and any language or coding environment will work for the task. 

NodeJs provide enough flexibility to the developer. Developers can create a set of microservices and modules with this framework. The modules can efficiently run their processes when the application is scaled. In addition, developers can add nodes and expand them by adding resources. 

Python has some issues with threads. The preinstalled Global interpreter Lock does not allow it to operate several threads at the same time. So, developers can’t run another process before the completion of one process. It has a few drawbacks in terms of scaling. Developers sometimes find it difficult to maintain code when the project scales.

2. Architecture

NodeJs has a single-threaded architecture that handles various requests with a single thread. Whereas Python follows a standard implementation named CPython using the interchangeable code modules. 

NodeJs is a runtime environment with server-side asynchronous programming. As a result, the input-output functionality is not blocked. Developers can run parallel codes for faster deployment. The event-driven architecture allows NodeJs to take up actions whenever an event occurs. 

On the other hand, Python does not support such functionalities and multithreading. Developers need to run and complete one process before starting another. There are some tools that can help Python to create asynchronous applications using Python, but developers do not get the desired asynchronicity through this process. 

3. Performance & Speed

While developing an application, performance and speed are considered the important factors to get the desired results. 

NodeJs make the execution process simpler and faster. The framework executes the code outside the web browser. So, the application running on the web browser performs better on the efficiency metrics. This also allows the app to pull features like TCP sockets. 

Python’s architecture prohibits multithreading, which is a problem in this case. It slows down the speed of the whole process as other processes do not run simultaneously. It is not fast enough for applications that can frequently recall data from the webserver. Python’s interface is easy but not so well optimized in speed and performance. 

4. Community

The community provides a group of users or developers who are engaged with technology. As they are active in various technology updates, they can easily update the popular library, run the debugging exercises, and even add new features. 

The NodeJs community is quite large and active with expert NodeJs developers. So it is very easy to find NodeJs talents from the community quickly. 

Python’s community is also quite significant as it has been around for a long time. Python’s community provides talents of every category, from junior to senior contributors. So it is very easy to find talented and experienced developers. These experts take an active part in the improvement of this language. 

5. Extensibility

Extensibility is the practice of adding various features to a language using third-party tools. More extensibility across third-party tools simply means that the language can be modified with added features. 

NodeJs can be paired with Babel for enhanced front-end development. Developers can also use the development framework jasmine to manage the project. 

Most of the time, Sublime text is used in Python to edit codes. The robot framework helps in automated testing. 

There are endless features of both frameworks that developers can select as per their project needs, but for that best practices, organizations need to hire experienced software developers. Are you looking for remote software developers for a faster project deployment? Please feel free to schedule a call with CloudVandana, a reputed staff augmentation firm in India, and hire on-demand remote software developers. Schedule a call now

Request a Free Consultation