Golang and Java are both essential backend programming languages used by developers across the world. Java has been around for a long time as a powerhouse in the software industry for backend development; comparatively, Golang is new.
In this blog, CloudVandana will discuss the comparison between Golang and Java. Both languages compete directly for control of server-side web applications. Let’s look at the similarities and differences of each language in detail.
Golang is an open-source language introduced by Google in 2011. This is similar to Java, a statically typed, multi-paradigm, compiled, and general-purpose programming language. The syntax is close to C as the language’s compiler was built in C. Now it is written in Golang, allowing the language to remain self-hosted.
It is a statically typed general-purpose programming language released in 1995. Various platforms ranging from old legacy software on servers to modern data science and machine learning applications, use Java worldwide. There are various pre-built modules and codes available as Java is popular among developers. So the coding becomes easier. It is versatile, so it can run anywhere.
Golang Vs. Java Comparison
Both Golang and Java are high-performing server-side languages that are related to C. Let’s dive into the details.
Both languages provide various features, but Java is more suitable for complex tasks as it is object-oriented. Object-Oriented Programming helps in code reuse and better developer experience. Additionally, Java has features that allow code to self-reflect during runtime to check errors.
Golang is not object-oriented, so it does not support inheritance or reflection, making it less flexible than Java.
Garbage collection is one of the most important features of Java. This feature is not much powerful in Java. The feature helps in handling huge codebases.
Though Java is quick, Golang outperforms Java in most metrics. Java’s lack of performance is due to its virtual machine for Java compilation. Though it allows Java to run on any platform, the virtual machine reduces the speed. Golang has the upper hand in making testing easy and the user experience better.
Java is older and more popular than Golang. Java is the most extensively used server-side programming language. So it has a larger community than Golang. So the developers can easily get guidance from the Java Community.
Golang’s syntax is very special. The language is very simple to read and write. The language has a total of 25 keywords that define predetermined actions and internal operations. In addition, the library is small, which makes skimming seamless.
On the other hand, Java is complex. Though working with Java’s sophisticated syntax offers flexibility and loose coupling.
Though both languages are server-side, their applications are different. JVM allows Java to work across various platforms with less difficulty, making Java a cross-platform programming language.
On the other hand, Golang has a limited reach. The language can convert code into a binary file to run smoothly on any platform. So, building a binary file for individual platforms takes more time than required. So, Java is the best option for portability.
Both languages are essential for various development. Organizations can select the best option depending on their requirements.
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